GenomeRNAi - a database for RNAi phenotypes and reagents
TitleScreen TitleAssayBiomodelSpecies
Phosphatome profiling reveals PTPN2, PTPRJ and PTEN as potent negative regulators of PKB/Akt activation in Ras-mutated cancer cells. Omerovic et al. (2010) RTK/Ras pathway regulation (2) Akt phosphorylationA549H. sapiens

Abstract

Oncogenic Ras mutations render the protein constitutively active and promote tumorigenesis via chronic stimulation of effector pathways. In A549 lung adenocarcinoma approx. 50% of the total Ras population is constitutively active, yet these cells display only weak activation of the effectors: ERK1/2 (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2) and Akt. In order to identify key negative regulators of oncogenic Ras signalling we performed a phosphatome RNAi (RNA interference) screen in A549 cells and ranked their effects on phosphorylation of Ser473 of Akt. As expected, the tumour suppressor PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10) emerged as a leading hit: knockdown elevated Akt activation to 70% of maximal generated by acute EGF (epidermal growth factor) stimulation. Importantly, we identified other phosphatases with similar potencies including PTPN2 (T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase; also known as TC-PTP) and PTPRJ (protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type J; also known as DEP-1/CD148). Potentiation of Akt phosphorylation by knockdown of PTEN or PTPRJ was contingent on the presence of oncogenic K-Ras. Our data reveal a synergy between oncogene function and the loss of a tumour suppressor within the same pathway that was necessary for full effector activation since each alone failed to elicit significant Akt phosphorylation. Taken together, these data reveal potent regulators of Akt signalling which contribute to ameliorating the consequences of oncogenic K-Ras activity.

Screen details


Stable Id: GR00204-A-2
Screen title: RTK/Ras pathway regulation (2)
Assay: Akt phosphorylation
Method: Fluorescence
Scope: Phosphatases
Screen type: Cell-based
Species: Homo sapiens
Biosource: Cell line
Biomodel: A549
Library: Qiagen, np
Reagent type: siRNA
Score type: Percentage
Cutoff: Top 20
Notes: Additional information about a secondary screen (Panc-08-13 cells)